How to Conduct Effective Legal Interviews


The legal field is highly competitive, with thousands of law graduates vying for limited job opportunities every year. This makes the interview process a crucial step in landing your dream legal job. Acing the interview not only requires strong legal knowledge but also excellent communication skills, analytical abilities, and a professional demeanor. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various types of legal interviews, provide tips on preparing for and conducting an effective interview, and offer strategies for handling difficult interviewees.

Importance of Legal Interviews

Legal interviews are the primary means through which employers assess a candidate’s suitability for a legal role. They allow employers to evaluate a candidate’s legal knowledge, experience, and personality, as well as their potential to fit into the company culture. These interviews go beyond simply assessing a candidate’s academic qualifications; they aim to find the best fit for the organization’s needs.

Additionally, legal interviews serve as an opportunity for candidates to demonstrate their skills and build a positive impression with employers. It is a chance to showcase your legal expertise, communication skills, and professionalism, and leave a lasting impact on the interviewer.

Preparing for the Interview

How to Conduct Effective Legal Interviews

Preparation is key to any successful endeavor, and legal interviews are no exception. Here are some essential tips to help you prepare for your legal interview:

Research the Company and the Role

Before your interview, take the time to research the company you are interviewing with. Familiarize yourself with its mission, values, and areas of practice. This will show the interviewer that you are genuinely interested in the company and have taken the time to understand its operations. Additionally, research the specific role you are interviewing for and tailor your answers to align with the job requirements.

Review Your Resume and Cover Letter

Make sure you are familiar with the details on your resume and cover letter. Be prepared to expand on your experiences, projects, and skills listed on your resume. This will also help you identify any gaps in your qualifications and address them during the interview.

Brush Up on Legal Knowledge

The legal field is continually evolving, and it is crucial to stay updated on the latest developments. Research recent legal cases, industry trends, and relevant legislation to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of the legal landscape. This will also help you anticipate any potential questions related to your practice area.

Practice Your Interview Skills

One of the best ways to prepare for a legal interview is by practicing with a mock interview. You can either do this with a friend or family member or seek out mock interview services offered by career centers or law schools. Practicing will help you feel more confident and comfortable during the actual interview.

Conducting the Interview

How to Conduct Effective Legal Interviews

As the interviewer, it is essential to create a conducive environment for the candidate to showcase their skills and experiences. Here are some tips for conducting an effective legal interview:

Establish Rapport

Establishing rapport with the candidate is crucial to put them at ease and encourage open communication. Start by introducing yourself and explaining the purpose and structure of the interview. Then, invite the candidate to talk about themselves and their background to help them relax.

Ask Open-Ended Questions

Open-ended questions allow candidates to provide detailed responses and demonstrate their critical thinking skills. Avoid asking yes or no questions as they do not provide much insight into a candidate’s abilities. Instead, ask questions that begin with “how,” “why,” or “tell me about.”

Listen Actively

Active listening is crucial during a legal interview. Pay attention to what the candidate is saying, ask follow-up questions, and take notes. This will help you assess the candidate’s communication skills and ensure that all the necessary information is captured.

Use the STAR Technique

When asking behavioral questions, use the STAR technique to guide the candidate’s response. STAR stands for Situation, Task, Action, and Result. This technique allows the candidate to provide a structured and concise response, making it easier for you to evaluate their experiences and achievements.

Give Them Time to Ask Questions

At the end of the interview, give the candidate an opportunity to ask questions. This will help you assess their interest in the role and the company. Be prepared to answer any questions they have and provide additional information if needed.

Asking Effective Questions

Asking effective questions is crucial to elicit relevant information from candidates and assess their qualifications accurately. Here are some tips for asking effective questions during a legal interview:

Follow a Logical Sequence

Start by asking questions that establish the candidate’s background, such as their education and legal experience. Then, move on to more specific questions related to their practice area or the job requirements. This logical sequence will help you build a comprehensive understanding of the candidate’s profile.

Avoid Biased or Discriminatory Questions

It is essential to ensure that your questions do not discriminate against candidates based on their age, gender, race, religion, or sexual orientation. Avoid asking questions that could reveal this information, such as inquiries about marital status, children, or religious practices.

Use Hypothetical Scenarios

Hypothetical scenarios allow you to assess a candidate’s critical thinking skills and legal knowledge. Present them with a hypothetical legal scenario and ask how they would approach it. This will also help you evaluate their problem-solving abilities and analytical skills.

Ask About Specific Experiences

Ask candidates to discuss specific examples of times they have demonstrated skills or qualities that are relevant to the job. For example, “Can you tell me about a time when you had to work under pressure to meet a tight deadline?” These types of questions allow you to assess a candidate’s past performance and predict their potential future performance.

Handling Difficult Interviewees

Conducting a legal interview can be challenging, especially when dealing with difficult or uncooperative interviewees. Here are some tips for handling such situations:

Stay Calm and Professional

Remain calm and professional, even if the candidate becomes confrontational or argumentative. It is essential to maintain your composure and not let the situation escalate.

Redirect the Interview

If a candidate goes off-topic or starts rambling, redirect the conversation by asking more structured questions. This will help you steer the interview back on track and ensure you get the information you need.

Take Control of the Interview

As the interviewer, it is your responsibility to keep the interview on schedule and cover all the necessary topics. If you notice that the interview is running longer than expected, politely inform the candidate that you have limited time and move on to the next question.

Ensuring Fairness and Impartiality

It is crucial to ensure fairness and impartiality during legal interviews to avoid any claims of discrimination or bias. Here are some ways to ensure a fair and unbiased interview process:

Use Standardized Questions

Using the same set of questions for all candidates helps eliminate potential biases. This ensures that each candidate is assessed based on the same criteria and reduces the risk of discriminatory hiring practices.

Avoid Personal Opinions

Do not let your personal opinions or biases influence your assessment of a candidate. Focus on their qualifications and experiences, rather than their appearance, background, or personal beliefs.

Document the Interview

Documenting the interview allows you to keep track of important details and compare different candidates objectively. Keep detailed notes on each candidate’s responses and make sure to follow up on any relevant information they provide.


Legal interviews can be daunting for both the interviewer and the candidate. However, with proper preparation and effective techniques, you can conduct an efficient and successful interview. Remember to tailor your questions to the job requirements, listen actively, and stay unbiased throughout the process. By following the tips outlined in this guide, you can conduct legal interviews that accurately assess a candidate’s qualifications and ensure a fair and inclusive hiring process. Good luck!


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